Habitat & Distribution of:
Alnus cordata
Italian Alder

Author

Loisel.

Synonyms:

Alnus cordifolia - Ten.

Origin and Habitat

Species Type:

Tree

Origins & Spread:

Italy, Southern Europe, Corsica

Maximum Height:

Large - 50 to 65 feet

Species Growth Rate:

Very Fast - over 36 inches per year

Longevity :

Average - 50 to 150 years;Moderately Long - 100 to 175 years

Plant Shape:

Oval;Rounded


Habitat pictures:



Foliage Identification of:
Alnus cordata
Italian Alder

Foliage Duration:

Deciduous

Foliage Period:

March, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct

Foliage Type:

Simple

Foliage Size:

7-10cm

Foliage Shape:

having a heart-shaped outline.

Foliage Arrangement:

Alternate Positioned singly at different heights on the stem; one leaf occurring at each node.

Foliage Color:

Dark Green;Medium Green

Fall Colour:

Dark Green;Medium Green

Notes:


Foliage Images:




Flower identification details


Flower Color:

Grey Green

Flower Shape:

Papilionaceous - Pea-shaped

Flower Showiness:

Inconspicuous

Flowering Period:

Spring

Flower notes:

The slender cylindrical male catkins are pendulous, yellowish in colour and 5-10 cm long; pollination is in early spring, before the leaves emerge.


Flower Images


Fruit Identification Information

Fruiting Period:

Winter

Fruit Size:

Medium - 1.50 to 4cm

Fruiting Habit:

Prolific

Fruit Type:

Cone

Fruit Color:

Brown

Fruits Ripens:

Fall-Winter

Fruit notes:

The female catkins are ovoid, when mature in autumn 2-3 cm long and 1.5-2 cm broad, dark green to brown in colour, hard, woody, and superficially similar to some conifer cones. The small winged seeds disperse through the winter, leaving the old woody, blackish 'cones' on the tree for up to a year after.


Fruit images:



Stem Identification Information:


Bark Colour:

Light Gray

Bark Texture:

Furrowed/Fissured;Smooth

Bark notes:


Stem Images: