Habitat & Distribution of:
Taxus baccata
English Yew

Author

L.

Synonyms:

Origin and Habitat

Species Type:

Tree

Origins & Spread:

Britain, Caucasus, Central Europe, Himalayan India, Iran

Maximum Height:

Large - 50 to 65 feet

Species Growth Rate:

Slow - 1 to 12 inches per year

Longevity :

Very Long - greater than 150 years

Plant Shape:

Rounded


Habitat pictures:



Foliage Identification of:
Taxus baccata
English Yew

Foliage Duration:

Evergreen

Foliage Period:

All year

Foliage Type:

Simple

Foliage Size:

2.5cm

Foliage Shape:

stiff, narrow leaves typical of conifers.

Foliage Arrangement:

Spiral Arranged along the stem in such a way that a line connecting the points of attachment would form a spiral; a form of alternate arrangement.

Foliage Color:

Dark Green

Fall Colour:

Dark Green

Notes:

Evergreen needles, single, spirally arranged but appearing 2-ranked on shaded branches, 1 inch long, long pointed tip, needles typically angled upward forming a V-shape on branch, dark green and shiny above, yellow or pale green below with 8-10 stomatal rows.


Foliage Images:




Flower identification details


Flower Color:

Purple;Red

Flower Shape:

Flower Showiness:

Flowering Period:

Flower notes:

Dioecious; Male is a globose strobili; female is a small stalked bud in leaf axils.


Flower Images


Fruit Identification Information

Fruiting Period:

Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct

Fruit Size:

.5cm

Fruiting Habit:

Persistent

Fruit Type:

Aril

Fruit Color:

Red

Fruits Ripens:

Fruit notes:

Naked ovoid seed 1/4 inch long, surrounded by a bright red, fleshy aril, maturing in late summer, persistent through fall.


Fruit images:



Stem Identification Information:


Bark Colour:

Purple;Red

Bark Texture:

Scaly/Flaky/Platy

Bark notes:

Twig: Light green in color, turning brown after several years; buds green with scales keeled. Bark: Dark, usually red-purple, and scaly or somewhat peeling. Form: Small tree or large shrub up to 60 feet tall with many limbed boles and a short trunk.


Stem Images: