Habitat & Distribution of:
Forsythia viridissima
Forsythia, Golden Bells, Zhong Hua




Rangium viridissimum (Lindley) Ohwi.

Origin and Habitat

Species Type:


Origins & Spread:

Eastern China

Maximum Height:

Extra small - under 10 feet

Species Growth Rate:

Moderate to Fast - 24 to 36 inches per year

Longevity :

Average - 50 to 150 years

Plant Shape:


Habitat pictures:

Foliage Identification of:
Forsythia viridissima
Forsythia, Golden Bells, Zhong Hua

Foliage Duration:


Foliage Period:

March, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov

Foliage Type:


Foliage Size:

3.5-15 1-4 cm

Foliage Shape:

having the outline of an ellipse.;broad and rounded at the base and tapering at the end, like oval.

Foliage Arrangement:

Opposite Positioned in pairs along the stem;the members of each pair at the same level across from one another; two leaves occurring at each node.

Foliage Color:

Dark Green;Green

Fall Colour:

Dark Green;Green


Leaves simple on petiole 6-12 mm with long elliptic to lanceolate leaf blade, 3.5-15 long by 1-4 cm wide, cuneate base and serrate or sometimes entire margins, ending in an acute apex.

Foliage Images:

Flower identification details

Flower Color:

Yellow;Golden Yellow

Flower Shape:

Campanulate - Bell-shaped

Flower Showiness:

Flowering Bonsai;Showy

Flowering Period:


Flower notes:

Flowers solitary to 4 in leaf axils with pedicel 3-7 mm, corolla deep yellow on the outside and tinged with orange-yellow stripes inside and stamens 6-7 mm long.

Flower Images

Fruit Identification Information

Fruiting Period:

Jul, Aug, Sep

Fruit Size:

Very Small - less than 0.5cm;Small - 0.5 to 1.50cm

Fruiting Habit:


Fruit Type:


Fruit Color:


Fruits Ripens:

Jul, August, Sep

Fruit notes:

Brown Ovoid Capsule 1-1.5 cm 6-10 on stalk 3-7 mm long

Fruit images:

Stem Identification Information:

Bark Colour:


Bark Texture:


Bark notes:

Shrubs glabrous except for calyx lobes. Branches upright, to 3 m; branchlets green or yellow-green; pith lamellate.

Stem Images: