Bonsai Training Information

Ficus retusa Nitida
Indian Laurel Fig, Ficus nitida, Banyan Fig

The Retusa has light green leaves which alternate up the stem and which are more oval than the Benjamina. Grey to reddish bark dotted with small horizontal flecks, similar to tiger-like markings. Heavy trunk with terriffic aerial roots.

Styles:

Formal upright, Informal Upright, Slanting, Cascade, Semi-cascade, Broom, Rock-over-root, Clasped-to-rock, Twin-trunk, Clump, Sinuous, Straight Line, Group planting, Saikei

Location:

Indoor

Position:

Light position but out of direct sunlight

Watering:

Water well. Keep soil moist. Loves to be sprayed and misted. If grown in green house above 20c with a misting will give of lots of aerial shoots.



Feeding:

Bi-weekly during summer season. Monthly in winter. In warmer climates feed bi-weekly throughout the year.

Leaf and Branch Pruning:

Pruning encourages new shoot growth and is best carried out during the warmer growing seasons. To maintain shape cut back to the last two leafs on shoots that have grown 5-6 leafs.

Re-potting & Growing Medium:

Young trees repot every year in early summer when night temperatures do not below double figures. This is a sensitive Ficus when it come to root pruning, do not remove more than 20% of the root ball. Do not bare root if can be avoided. Use Loam, Clay and Sand in equal amounts. Do not attempt to wire or prune extensively for three months after transplanting. Sudden changes of temperature may cause all the leaves to drop.

Wiring:

Wiring can be done at any time of the year. Ficus branches are soft so wiring should not be allowed to remain on then for more then a few months at a time - to avoid wire marks.

Notes:

Retusa are very easily prone to shedding their leafs and becoming leggy. A few simple steps will ensure you have a healthy and thriving plant. Keep out of dry and drafty locations, they tend to shed their in positions like that. Mantain a high humidity in around the plant, use a humidity tray. If it become leggy it usually means that they have the necessary growing heat but not enough light. In their natural habitat they grow all year round, many growers use a growing lamp especially during the short days of the years.


More Images:



Print Bonsai Care Guide for Ficus retusa Nitida