Bonsai Training Information

Ficus benjamina
Weeping Fig Tree

A beautiful evergreen tree that has spread broader than it is taller with dense umbrella-like canopy of pendant branches that cascade down to the ground, hence the name, weeping fig. In temperate areas of the world it is grown as a house plant. In warmer regions the tree is grown as a specimen, street tree, or as a hedge. The tree has adventitious roots both above and below ground which can break up concrete surfaces and numerous fruits, that are a spectacular red colour.

Styles:

Formal upright, Informal Upright, Slanting, Cascade, Semi-cascade, Broom, Rock-over-root, Clasped-to-rock, Twin-trunk, Clump, Sinuous, Straight Line, Group planting, Saikei

Location:

Indoor

Position:

Light position but out of direct sunlight

Watering:

Water well. Keep soil moist. Loves to be sprayed and misted. If grown in green house above 20c with a misting will give of lots of aerial shoots. Do not let roots sit in water tray - will cause root rot. Use a humidity tray - to maintain micro climate around plant.



Feeding:

Bi-weekly during summer season. Monthly in winter. In warmer climates feed biweekly throughout the year.

Leaf and Branch Pruning:

Pruning encourages new shoot growth and is best carried out during the warmer growing seasons. To maintain shape cut back to the last two leafs on shoots that have grown 5-6 leafs.

Re-potting & Growing Medium:

Young trees repot every year. Remove up 30% of root length if pot congested with fibrous roots. Cut down roots that circle around pot. Replace soil will Loam, Clay, Sand of equal amounts.

Wiring:

Wiring can be done at any time of the year. Ficus branches are soft so wiring should not be allowed to remain on then for more then a few months at a time - to avoid wire marks.

Notes:

Ficus have a shaky reputation as a bonsai because they are prone to shedding their leaves and becoming leggy. However, by attending to a few basic points, you can help keep your plant healthy and great looking. Ficus dislike dry drafty locations and will shed their leaves if moved in to a location like that. Do not move Ficus to dry drafty locations. They need high humidity levels - which is often difficult in modern centrally heated homes. They do well in warm humid conservatories and kitchens. Placing your plants in a humidity tray helps create a micro-climate for it. If plants become leggy it usually means that they have the necessary growing heat but not enough light. In their natural habitat Ficus grow all year round. If required use a growing lamp or move to position of more light.


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