Found in mountainous regions of Southern Africa, from Zambia to Mozambique to Swaziland, they are ideal plants for beginners as they are very hardy to drought and seem to tolerate over watering. The species can be grown a small to medium Bonsai and in just about any style of Bonsai. Full of character all year round its fleshy spikey leafs, delicate red-brown stems and lovely white to pink flowers offer some thing of interest through out the year.
Formal upright, Informal Upright, Slanting, Cascade, Semi-cascade, Twin-trunk, Clump, Group planting, Saikei
In the UK and most of Europe it needs to be grown indoors as it is not frost hard. It needs a significant amount of light and a well light window sill is an ideal location. Ensure that temperature do not fall below 10C. Being tropical it would benefit from being outdoors in full sun during the summer time.
It does not need much watering, but does not seem to mind being over watered too. However, if you over water the plant can get big heavy leaves and stems. Ideally to keep leafs small and not over bulged, ensure that soils surface dries out between watering. During the winter months reduce watering, allowing the soil surface to be mostly dry.
Feed between March and October, does not need feeding during the winter months. Use a balanced liquid feed monthly, or a slow release organic feed -replacing pellets every two months.
Leaf and Branch Pruning:
Structural pruning or any heavy branch pruning is best can be carried in early spring. It needs regular pinching needs through out the growing season to keep it compact and maintain its shape.
Re-potting & Growing Medium:
Spring is the best time to re-pot. Allow the soil to dry out before repotting. After repotting shelter the tree in warm shaded area, and water only sparingly until new growth establishes itself. A well drained soil mixture is best, use a 100 percent Damolin Clay, or for younger plants 1 part Akadama and 3 Parts Pumice or Fuji-Grit. You can reduce the root ball by about a third. Repot only every second year.
Shaping is best carried out buy pruning and pinching. However, you can wire the branches during the dormant periods, but keep and eye out for wire biting into the branch.