Species Starting with | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |


1 Californian Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens

Native to California the Costal Redwood is prized for its wood which is light weight, and resistance to decay. With fragrant scale like leaves this giant is an extremely quick grower. Fully hardy in Britain, though they may lose their leaves in cold winters, with seemingly no detrimental effect on the tree. It thrives in Britain in the cooler moister western parts of the country. It is a long lived species with many specimens reportedly over 1000 years old.


2 Canadian Red Maple

Acer rubrum

Tree to 20 meters tall with narrow compact crown. Bark gray and thin, becoming furrowed into long narrow scaly ridges on older trunks and branches. Twigs slender, reddish brown, glabrous, with small dark red blunt buds.


3 Canadian Spruce

Picea glauca

The White Spruce is native to the north of North America. It is of major economic importance in Canada for its wood which is used primarily for paper-making and also as frequenty for Christmas trees.


4 Carmona

Carmona microphylla

Carmona microphylla species is Native to India, South East Asia and Southern China. Its compact nature, small leaves, small white flowers, red berries, and gnarled looking trunk all make it a lovely bonsai to grow. It can be a temperamental Bonsai to grow.


5 Cedar Of Lebanon

Cedrus libani

This is a large stately evergreen, with a massive trunk when mature, and wide-sweeping, often horizontalbranches, which originate on the lower trunk. Allow plenty of space for proper development. Dark green needles and cones, which are held upright above the foliage, add to the impressive appearance. Young specimens retain a pyramidal shape but the tree takes on a more open form with age. Like most true cedars, it does not like to be transplanted, and prefers a pollution-free, sunny environment.


6 Champa

Plumeria obtusa

A small tree can grow up to 6 meters, has thick stocky sausage like and smooth grey green bark on its trunk gnarled looking trunk. While its is a native of Tropical South America from Mexico to as far south as Brazil, is has naturalised in most of the drier parts of tropical Asia. It is commonly associated with mythology and folklore in Hindu and Buddhism and Samoan cultures. It flowers are used in Indian incense and to make the garlands in Hawaii. In India it has a special place amongst temples and historical building. As Bonsai it is only just picking up popularity, and is gaining popularity as a conservatory plant in temperate regions.


7 Chinese Arboviate

Thuja orientalis Aurea Nana

A slow growing fantastically coloured dwarf evergreen conifer with a dense, conical growth habit. With yellow-green foliage that become intensly vibrant yellow in the summer, before taking on a bronze tinge in the winter.


8 Chinese banyan

Ficus microcarpa

The Ficus Microcarpa has green to dark green leaves which alternate up the stem and which are more oval than the Benjamina and more like the Retusa, but broader. Grey-brown bark which is almost smooth has heavy trunk with terrific aerial roots.


9 Chinese Elm

Ulmus parvifolia

Chinese elm is fast growing, deciduous or evergreen depending on its location, forms a graceful upright rounded canopy with shiny, dark green leathery leaves. Several dwarf varieties, sports of Ulmus parvifolia, exist which grow slower than the ordinary Chinese elm. Chinese Elm produce a fine network of twigs and branches help them turn into impressive Bonsai in a short time. A versitile and very popular species of Bonsai, especially with those just starting out with Bonsai.


10 Chinese Juniper

Juniperus chinensis

The Chinese Juniper (Juniperus chinensis) is a shrub or tree, very variable in shape, reaching 1-20 m tall. It is a popular ornamental tree or shrub in gardens and parks, with over 100 named cultivars selected for various characters.


11 Chinese Pepper

Zanthoxylum beecheyanum

A small decidious shrub growing to about a 1 meter, native to the Himalayan and mountainous regions of China, Korea, Manchuria and Japan, with brownish prickly bark and paired spines, flowers small and yellow-green with male and female on separate trees. Zanthoxylum or Xanthoxylum comes from the Greek word meaning yellow wood.


12 Chinese pistachio

Pistacia chinensis

A medium to large tree with elegant and attractive, glossy green, pinnate leaves that turn a beautiful orange red or crimson in autumn.


13 Chinese Privet

Ligustrum sinense

A deciduous Shrubs or small trees growing to between 2 meters and 4 meters, rarely 7 m. Branchlets and leafs are hairy when you gradually become hairless. It habitat is in China and Vietnam is in thickets, mixed woods and forests in valleys and ravines mainly along streams. Is widely grown as a Bonsai in China from where hundreds of thousands have been exported to Europe and the America.


14 Chinese sweet plum

Sageretia theezans

An evergreen shrub that grows to 3 m tall with delicate oval light green to green leaves 1-5 cm, it has inconpicuious flowers and small edible drupe shaped fruit upto 1cm in diameter. It is a long cherised Bonsai species and has many old specimens.


15 Chinese Willow

Salix matsudana Tortuosa

Native to China the Twisted Willow is a tall spreading graceful tree with contorted weeping branches which generally grows to about 30 meters tall. The willow leaves are lanceolate-acuminate and between 5 and 10 cm long and about 1 cm. wide. It is a close relative of the synonym of Salix babylonica, the Peking Willow.


16 Chinese Yew

Podocarpus macrophyllus

The Podocoarpus is from the Conifer group and has long oval leafs 5-15 cm long. It grows to 25 meters occasionally to 40 meters, produces Yew like Purple Fruit, and is distributed through Japan, China and Himalayan Asia. It is much revered tree in Japanese and Chinese temples and is a favourite Bonsai too. It is grown in the colder regions as an Indoor Bonsai.


17 Colorado Blue Spruce

Picea pungens

Native to the S. W. North America this species occurs in many forms in the wild and in cultivation. It was introduced to Britain in about 1862. Recently it has become popular as a christmas tree. Blue spruce prefers slightly acid moist ground otherwise it can become prone to predation by aphids which spoil the colour and density of the mature needles and eventually cause defoliation.


18 Common Alder

Alnus glutinosa

The Common Alder is native throughout the British Isles and much of Continental Europe. It can be found on on wetter soils and often to high elevations and even on infertile terrains. The Alders have catkins with male and female ones on the same tree. The male catkin is loaded with about 120 individual flowers and 480 pollen-producing stamens, which after shedding their clouds of yellow pollen wither and fall.


19 Common Ash

Fraxinus excelsior

Common Ash is a broad, spreading, deciduous tree, capable of reaching 100 feet, native to most of Southern Europe including Britain. Large Ash leaves and its heavy coarse branches make Ash suitable for only larger sized bonsai.


20 Common Beech

Fagus sylvatica

The Green Beech, is Native to most of Central Europe and grows to a Magnificent 40m. Has many commercial uses including Wood whichis usd for furniture and other indoor uses; its Leaves, Nuts and Oil which are used in culinary and medicinal preparation. It makes a lovely Medium to Large Bonsai and is Popluar in Forest Groups.


21 Common Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus

One of Britain's native deciduous trees, the common hornbeam, which is commonly mistaken with the common beech. Often planted in hedge rows, and as a forest tree it has very close grained, durable hard wood; used in flooring and furniture. A favourite as Bonsai it makes excellent Bonsai of all sizes and styles.


22 Common Juniper

Juniperus communis

Common juniper has the largest geographic range of any woody plant in the world. It is distributed throughout Temprate Northern Hemisphere , USA, Greenland, Iceland, throughout Europe and in northern Asia and Japan.and is even found in parts of Northern Africa. It grows as Coniferous shrub or columnar tree. It grows as a low mat-forming shrub 2'-5' tall and 7'-13' across and in Europe it is quite common in its treelike form when it can reach height of about 25 .


23 Common Myrtle

Myrtus communis

Common Myrtle is an upright evergreen bushy fragrant shrub that flowers profusely with fragrant white flowers followed by purple-black berries. It is an excellent garden shrub for growing in a shaded warm patch. As a Bonsai its flowers, fruits, glossy leaves and fragrance make plant that has some to offer all year round.


24 Common Oak

Quercus robur

A majestic tree with wide spreading crown on a sturdy trunk with a dark grey fissured trunk that adds to the trees majesty. It can grow to 80 ft and has a very long life spans, making them a favourite in English Gardens and Parks and indeed in may Temperate Gardens around the world.


25 Conker Tree

Aesculus hippocastanum

Introduced to the British Isles in the 17th Century, it is a deciduous Tree, growing to 45m and is priced for its flowers and conkers. It is a hardy but frost tender tree, which flowers in May. It has both Male and Female Flowers on the same tree and can be grown in moist well drained soils in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It tolerates high winds and atmospheric pollution and hence is often planted along city roads. Because of its large leaves and stalks it is best suited to large sized Bonsai.


26 Contorted Willow

Salix matsudana Tortuosa

Native to China the Twisted Willow is a tall spreading graceful tree with contorted weeping branches which generally grows to about 30 meters tall. The willow leaves are lanceolate-acuminate and between 5 and 10 cm long and about 1 cm. wide. It is a close relative of the synonym of Salix babylonica, the Peking Willow.


27 Copper Beech Tree

Fagus sylvatica Purpurea

This purple leaf form of the species has new spring leaves that are a variable deep purplish red to copper color, changing to a purple green in summer. Being partially true from seed, much variation in intensity of color is possible. The name copper beech is applied to specimens with a lighter color.


28 Costal Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens

Native to California the Costal Redwood is prized for its wood which is light weight, and resistance to decay. With fragrant scale like leaves this giant is an extremely quick grower. Fully hardy in Britain, though they may lose their leaves in cold winters, with seemingly no detrimental effect on the tree. It thrives in Britain in the cooler moister western parts of the country. It is a long lived species with many specimens reportedly over 1000 years old.


29 Crepe Myrtle

Lagerstroemia indica

L. indica is an upright, deciduous tree with peeling, grey and brown bark and small dark-green, opposite leaves to 8 cm. Each plant has separate male and female flowers; vast numbers appear in Summer clothing the tree in white, pink, red or purple depending on the variety.


30 Cyprus cedar

Cedrus brevifolia

Cedrus brevifolia is a rare species with slow growth, but eventually develops into a medium sized tree, attaining a height at maturity of 8 to 24 m. The Cyprian cedar is distinguished from C. libani only by the habitual form, shorter leaves 0.5 to 1.6 cm in length. Dark green needles and cones, which are held upright above the foliage, add to the impressive appearance. Young specimens retain a pyramidal shape but as the tree gets olderthe crown gets broader and umbrella shaped.


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