The Ginkgo or Maidenhair Tree is a tree from the fossil ages and fossils exist of it that go back 270 million years. It had been thought to be extinct in the wild but was discovered in the Zhejiang province in eastern China. Ginkgos are medium-large deciduous trees, normally reaching a height of 20 to 35 meters but some specimens in China are over 50 meters. Young trees are often tall, slender, sparsely branched and have a fan shaped crown. It is grown commonly as avenue trees and make a for a very imposing avenue with very colourfull yellow display during fall and with soft lemon green colour hrough out summer.
The mastic tree, also known as the lentisc, is an dense irregular evergreen shrub or tree, usually low (4.5 - 7.5 meters) and spreading (4.5 - 7.5 meters) but which can sometimes grow as high as 8 meters. The tree's resin, is used form many purposes including, the production of varnishes, adhesives, chewing gum, in the photography and lithography and for medicinal purpose. The berries are sometimes used for making sweets or liqueurs.
A deciduous small tree to twenty feet, with clusters of white flowers in mid-spring, small red berries in autumn, lasting to late winter. The small leaves are divided into three to seven lobes. The branches have stout spines, and the trunk has pale gray, flacky to gnarled bark. Is a popular Bonsai species and easily available.
A small tree can grow up to 6 meters, has thick stocky sausage like and smooth grey green bark on its trunk gnarled looking trunk. While its is a native of Tropical South America from Mexico to as far south as Brazil, is has naturalised in most of the drier parts of tropical Asia. It is commonly associated with mythology and folklore in Hindu and Buddhism and Samoan cultures. It flowers are used in Indian incense and to make the garlands in Hawaii. In India it has a special place amongst temples and historical building. As Bonsai it is only just picking up popularity, and is gaining popularity as a conservatory plant in temperate regions.
The Midland Hawthorn is a native of Europe, and in the UK is commonly found in the Midlands, where it is a small tree that grows to about 20 feet. It has little fall colour, and the fruits are not showy. Its outstanding feature is its flowers, which can be white, pink or red, with varieties that single or double flowers. It is fast becoming a popular Bonsai Species.
Adenium obesum originates from East Africa but is found widely cultivated in tropical regions as a garden and house plant because of it lovely variously coloured star shaped flowers. All parts of the Adeniums are toxic with its Sap and Roots being used as a poison in hunting in Africa. The Adeniums are trouble free easy to care for plants it need to be maintained at temperatures above 10C, have a dryish soil and a well light location. Its physical characteristics of bulbous trunk, gnarled roots, stemy branches make it a unique and attractive bonsai.
An evergreen shrub that grows to 3 m tall with delicate oval light green to green leaves 1-5 cm, it has inconpicuious flowers and small edible drupe shaped fruit upto 1cm in diameter. It is a long cherised Bonsai species and has many old specimens.
Portulacaria afra, Jade Tree or Money Tree is relatively new to bonsai in the West. In the Orient where it is considered to be an auspicious tree, it has been growing for eons. Portulacaria are ideal plants for beginners as they are very hardy to drought and seem to tolerate over watering. The species can be grown in just about any style of Bonsai and is full of year round character with its fleshy almost round leafs, and multicoloured stems which are green when young, red-brown as it matures to a graggy slate grey. Recently, there has been much research into this plant being a significant Carbon fixer, and with a capibility of holding 4-5 times as much carbon.
Jade Tree is considered to be an auspicious tree in many parts of the orient, bringing the grower health and prosperity. Crassula ovata are ideal plants for beginners as they are very hardy to drought and seem to tolerate over watering. The species can be grown as medium to large Bonsai and in just about any style of Bonsai and is full of year round character with its fleshy almost round leafs, and multicoloured stems which are green when young, red-brown as it matures to a craggy slate grey. Crassula, also use an alternate method of fixing Carbon, which makes them a useful tree to help combat global warming. In their Native Mozambique, and Tropical South Africa, they can grow to 3 meters tall and have branches up 20cm thick.
The unique wind-swept flat top appearance are what most people recognise about the Monterey Cypress. Native to the US they can grow to 65 feet tall, and even 80 feet tall in sheltered locations. Know as perennial trees many of them in the US are as old as 2000 years. They make stately medium to large Formal Bonsai. The photo shows a famous Monterey, of the Golden State Bonsai Federation Collection North collection to which it was donated by Katsumi Kinoshita.
The Moreton Bay Fig is a beautiful evergreen tree that has spread broader than it is taller with dense umbrella-like canopy with huge trunk and wide buttressed roots and is a Native of Autralia. Figs are orange to purple and up to 2.5 cm in diameter and fruit over several months of the year. Aborigines used the bark to make string. Makes interesting bonsai plant.
The Mugo pine is a cone-shaped conifer, with long mid-green needles that cover its branches. It is a hardy tree and takes well to pruning and hence make and ideal Bonsai as it is slow growing too. It has attractive attractive brown cones.
Common Myrtle is an upright evergreen bushy fragrant shrub that flowers profusely with fragrant white flowers followed by purple-black berries. It is an excellent garden shrub for growing in a shaded warm patch. As a Bonsai its flowers, fruits, glossy leaves and fragrance make plant that has some to offer all year round.