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Crytomeria japonica from the Kew Bonsai Collection
Flowering Bonsai Species

Bonsai Enthusiast, have over a time found out that while often, a tree will flower profusely, when grown in its native lands and in the ground, many of them will just not flower as Bonsai. Listed in this section is slections of Species that are grown more often than not hor their flowers.

Presented here a are a selection of both indoor and outdoor species that flower as bonsai. The list is small but it is constantly being added to so please keep coming back.


1 Adenium obesum

Desert Rose, Mock Azalea, Impala Lilly

Adenium obesum originates from East Africa but is found widely cultivated in tropical regions as a garden and house plant because of it lovely variously coloured star shaped flowers. All parts of the Adeniums are toxic with its Sap and Roots being used as a poison in hunting in Africa. The Adeniums are trouble free easy to care for plants it need to be maintained at temperatures above 10C, have a dryish soil and a well light location. Its physical characteristics of bulbous trunk, gnarled roots, stemy branches make it a unique and attractive bonsai.


2 Caragana arborescens

Pea Tree

Native to Manchuria and Siberia and also naturalised in France the Pea Tree is hardy to zone 2. A deciduous large shrub or multistemmed small tree with erect to spreading branches. Almost columnar shape though can also be rounded upto 20' tall with a green young stems and grey bark on older wood.


3 Carmona microphylla

Fukien Tea Tree, Carmona, Philippine Tea

Carmona microphylla species is Native to India, South East Asia and Southern China. Its compact nature, small leaves, small white flowers, red berries, and gnarled looking trunk all make it a lovely bonsai to grow. It can be a temperamental Bonsai to grow.


4 Chaenomeles japonica

Japanese Quince

Chaenomeles are much beloved for bonsai because of their tiny, lovely flowers, and in spite of their prickly thorns. Most varieties flower before leafing out, sometimes as early as January, and may continue to flower for a long time following. The fruit is yellow and large, too hard to be edible, but making tolerable preserves.


5 Chaenomeles speciosa

Flowering Quince

Chaenomeles are much beloved for bonsai because of their tiny, lovely flowers, and in spite of their prickly thorns. Most varieties flower before leafing out, sometimes as early as January, and may continue to flower for a long time following. The fruit is yellow and large, too hard to be edible, but making tolerable preserves.


6 Cotoneaster horizontalis

Rock Cotoneaster, Rockspray Cotoneaster

Horizontal Rockspray (Cotoneaster horizontalis) is a low-growing shrub with herring-bone structure. In Autumn the leaves begin turning bright-bright red, about the same time the green berries are ripening to an equally bright red.


7 Cotoneaster simonsii

Himalayan Cotoneaster, Simons Cotoneaster

Though not native to Britain it has been grown in gardens and parks. Now days it is quite frequently found growing wild, possible through bird droppings and wind/water dispersal. Found in scrubby grounds, forestry ridges and often well up the hillside. As a Bonsai it makes excellent specimens is easy to cultivate and offers year around features, soft foliage in spring followed by flushes of white flowers and fruits in autumns, foliages turns a lovely red brown in autumn/winter and berries stay on long into the winter.


8 Crataegus laevigata

Midland Hawthorn, Woodland Hawthorn

The Midland Hawthorn is a native of Europe, and in the UK is commonly found in the Midlands, where it is a small tree that grows to about 20 feet. It has little fall colour, and the fruits are not showy. Its outstanding feature is its flowers, which can be white, pink or red, with varieties that single or double flowers. It is fast becoming a popular Bonsai Species.


9 Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn, May Whitethorn, Single Seed Hawthorn

A deciduous small tree to twenty feet, with clusters of white flowers in mid-spring, small red berries in autumn, lasting to late winter. The small leaves are divided into three to seven lobes. The branches have stout spines, and the trunk has pale gray, flacky to gnarled bark. Is a popular Bonsai species and easily available.


10 Forsythia intermedia

Forsythia, Golden Bells

A hybrid of Forsythia suspensa x Forsythia viridissima it is by far the most commonly available Forsythia in the market place today, primarily as it has a longer lasting and more prolific flowering habit. There are many cultivars of x intermedia commonly available, including dwarf varieties, Lynnwood Gold, Spectabilis, Arnold Dwarf to name a few. The make a colourful small to medium Bonsai.


11 Forsythia suspensa

Forsythia, Golden Bells, Weeping Forsythia , Lian Qiao

An early flowering shrub, native to China, it is now available most anywhere, its flush of gloden-yellow flowers is an arbinger of spring in many part of the British Isles. Make a colour full small to medium Bonsai.


12 Forsythia viridissima

Forsythia, Golden Bells, Zhong Hua

An early flowering shrub, growing to 3 meters, a cross-chambered pith and native to Eastern China. Widely grown it is now available most anywhere, its flush of gloden-yellow flowers helps make a colour full small to medium Bonsai.


13 Gardenia jasminoides

Gardenia

Gardenia jasminoides is a small shrub with greyish bark and dark green shiny leaves. The white to creamish flowers flowers bloom in spring and summer and are highly fragrant. At the best of times these are challenging plants to grow, but they do make a delightfull little fragrant bonsai or house plant.


14 Hibiscus syriacus

Rose of Sharon, Rose of Althea, Syrian Rose

A flowering shrub native to China but now cultivated in many parts temperate and sub-tropical, Asia, Europe, Australia and the Americas. Its extensive cultivation has led to various cultivar being produced of this species, many of which have been recognised with scientific names. As Bonsai they make lovely Medium to large Bonsai, and they takes naturally to a vase shape.


15 Jasminium nudiflorum

Winter Jasmine

Winter Jasmine is a deciduous shrub native to China with slender arching green shoots which fan out to form a finely branched cushion. The Jasmine flowers profusely, on last years growth, in solitary, bright yellow flowers, before the leaves, through Winter and into early Spring. Winter Jasmine make interesting small and shohin bonsai, with its stark winter branches and starry yellow flowers.


16 Lagerstroemia indica

Crepe Myrtle

L. indica is an upright, deciduous tree with peeling, grey and brown bark and small dark-green, opposite leaves to 8 cm. Each plant has separate male and female flowers; vast numbers appear in Summer clothing the tree in white, pink, red or purple depending on the variety.


17 Ligustrum japonicum

Japanese Privet, Tree Privet, Wax Leaf Privet

It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to between 2 and 5 meters tall, with smooth, pale grey-brown bark. Often grown as small city trees or above hedges. Makes delightful bonsai of all sizes, especially attractive when in full bloom.


18 Ligustrum sinense

Chinese Privet, Small-Leaved Privet

A deciduous Shrubs or small trees growing to between 2 meters and 4 meters, rarely 7 m. Branchlets and leafs are hairy when you gradually become hairless. It habitat is in China and Vietnam is in thickets, mixed woods and forests in valleys and ravines mainly along streams. Is widely grown as a Bonsai in China from where hundreds of thousands have been exported to Europe and the America.


19 Myrtus communis

Common Myrtle, Myrtus, Greek Myrtle

Common Myrtle is an upright evergreen bushy fragrant shrub that flowers profusely with fragrant white flowers followed by purple-black berries. It is an excellent garden shrub for growing in a shaded warm patch. As a Bonsai its flowers, fruits, glossy leaves and fragrance make plant that has some to offer all year round.


20 Plumeria obtusa

Frangipani, Plumeria, The Temple Tree, Champa, Melia

A small tree can grow up to 6 meters, has thick stocky sausage like and smooth grey green bark on its trunk gnarled looking trunk. While its is a native of Tropical South America from Mexico to as far south as Brazil, is has naturalised in most of the drier parts of tropical Asia. It is commonly associated with mythology and folklore in Hindu and Buddhism and Samoan cultures. It flowers are used in Indian incense and to make the garlands in Hawaii. In India it has a special place amongst temples and historical building. As Bonsai it is only just picking up popularity, and is gaining popularity as a conservatory plant in temperate regions.


21 Potentilla fruticosa

Shrubby Cinquefoil, Potentilla, Tundra Rose

Potentilla fruticosa is a popular ornamental plant and found in most of the Temperate Northern Hemisphere from Europe to China. It comes in a variety of colours and grows as shrub to about 1 meter tall.It fine branch structure and masses of flowers, scraggly bark make it an ideal bonsai species with interesting year around enjoyment.


22 Prunus avium

Wild Cherry

Small deciduous tree native tree with rounded habit and beautiful red fruit. Long lived tree it is highly prised for its timbers and is often used as an ornamental hedgerow. It is a long lived tree and lives up 200 years. It is distributed throughout the British Isles except Northern Scotland and spreads throughout Europe all the way to the Ural mountains; spreading down to North Eastern Africa and West Asia.


23 Prunus incisa Kojo-no-mai

Japanese Flowering Cherry, Dance of the Butterflies, Kojo-no-mai

Kojo-no-mai is a small shrub/trees it has crocked baranches and delicate white flowers with pink centers that hang downwards like laterns/butterflies hanging from the bottom of branchies. The fruits are black in color


24 Prunus serrulata Kwanzan

Japanese Flowering Cherry, Kwanzan Cherry, Oriental Cherry, Kwansan Cherry

A small to medium sized tree commonly seen as street trees with double whorls of pink flowers and black fruits. The tree is intolerant of poor drainage.


25 Punica granatum

Pomegranate

The pomegranate is a shrub about 20 feet tall with multiple stems. The slender branches start out upright then droop gracefully. Unpruned shrubs have a decidedly weeping or fountain shaped habit. The pomegranate is native to Asia, from the Middle East to the Himalayas, where it grows in sandy or rocky scrublands. It is cultivated for its fruit and showy flowers in much of the Mediterranean region and tropical America. The pomegranate is now naturalised in parts of southern Europe and the American South and Southwest.


26 Punica granatum Nana

Dwarf Pomegranate

The dwarf pomegranate is a shrub about 1meter tall with multiple stems. The slender branches start out upright then droop gracefully. Unpruned shrubs have a decidedly weeping or fountain shaped habit. The pomegranate is native to Asia, from the Middle East to the Himalayas, where it grows in sandy or rocky scrublands. It is cultivated for its fruit which is much cherished through Asia and the Mediteranian


27 Pyracantha coccinea

Scarlet Firethorn

Firethorn is a large, evergreen shrub that is cherished for its spectacular fall and winter display of scarlet fruits and ability to withstand dry and droughty conditions. Firethorn typically grows into a tangled mound up to 3 m by 3.5 m wide.


28 Rhododendron fastigiatum

Dwarf Rododendron

A small leaf (lepidote) evergreen rhododendron, it grows slowly reaching 30 cm in ten years. It native lands in the Yunan Mountains of China, it can ocassionally grow to a meter. It speceis name fastigiatium means upright branches, but its chinese name "mi zhi du juan" which translates to "densely branched rhododendron" is more apt.


29 Rhododendron indicum

Azalea

It is an evergreen which in the wild grows as a small shrub (up to six feet). There are hundreds of azalea cultivars. The azalea used to be considered a separate genus from the rhododendron, but has recently been reclassified.


30 Serissa foetida Mount Fuji

Varigated Tree of a Thousand Stars, Serrisa Mount Fuji

Serissa foetida Mount Fuji cultivar has larger leaves and a thicker stem than other Serissas. It is strongly variegated, with single Star shaped white flowers. Variegation changes throughout the year, based on temperature, light and nutrient content.


31 Serissa foetida

Serissa, Tree of a Thousand Stars , Snow Rose

Serissa, is by far one of the most popular Bonsai trees sold in Europe and America. It makes a beautiful bonsai; has very small dark green leaves, a beautifully textured bark, trunk even on young trees, and when in boom does justice to its names of Tree of Thousand Stars and Snow Carpet.