Species Starting with | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |


1 Caragana arborescens

Pea Tree

Native to Manchuria and Siberia and also naturalised in France the Pea Tree is hardy to zone 2. A deciduous large shrub or multistemmed small tree with erect to spreading branches. Almost columnar shape though can also be rounded upto 20' tall with a green young stems and grey bark on older wood.


2 Carmona microphylla

Fukien Tea Tree, Carmona, Philippine Tea

Carmona microphylla species is Native to India, South East Asia and Southern China. Its compact nature, small leaves, small white flowers, red berries, and gnarled looking trunk all make it a lovely bonsai to grow. It can be a temperamental Bonsai to grow.


3 Carpinus betulus

Hornbeam, European Hornbeam, Common Hornbeam

One of Britain's native deciduous trees, the common hornbeam, which is commonly mistaken with the common beech. Often planted in hedge rows, and as a forest tree it has very close grained, durable hard wood; used in flooring and furniture. A favourite as Bonsai it makes excellent Bonsai of all sizes and styles.


4 Carpinus coreana

Korean Hornbeam

The Species name Carpinus coreana is now not accepted with Carpinus turczaninowii Hance as being the recognised. It has a very twiggy and fine branching combined with small light green leaves that have a spectacular autumn display of yellow, orange and red. Has for long been a favourite in Japanese Bonsai with many specimen trees around.


5 Carpinus turczaninowii

Korean Hornbeam

The Carpinus turczaninowii has smaller leaves than its european cousin at between 3-4 cm long. It has a very twiggy and fine branching combined with small light green leaves that have a spectacular autumn display of yellow, orange and red. Has for long been a favourite in Japanese Bonsai with many specimen trees around.


6 Cedrus atlantica

Atlas Cedrus

A close relative of the cedar of Lebanon, the Atlas cedar's bluish tinge and ascending branches help to differentiate it from other cedars. Allow plenty of space for proper development. Dark green needles and cones, which are held upright above the foliage, add to the impressive appearance. Young specimens retain a pyramidal shape but the tree takes on a more open form with age.


7 Cedrus brevifolia

Cyprus cedar

Cedrus brevifolia is a rare species with slow growth, but eventually develops into a medium sized tree, attaining a height at maturity of 8 to 24 m. The Cyprian cedar is distinguished from C. libani only by the habitual form, shorter leaves 0.5 to 1.6 cm in length. Dark green needles and cones, which are held upright above the foliage, add to the impressive appearance. Young specimens retain a pyramidal shape but as the tree gets olderthe crown gets broader and umbrella shaped.


8 Cedrus libani

Cedar Of Lebanon

This is a large stately evergreen, with a massive trunk when mature, and wide-sweeping, often horizontalbranches, which originate on the lower trunk. Allow plenty of space for proper development. Dark green needles and cones, which are held upright above the foliage, add to the impressive appearance. Young specimens retain a pyramidal shape but the tree takes on a more open form with age. Like most true cedars, it does not like to be transplanted, and prefers a pollution-free, sunny environment.


9 Chaenomeles japonica

Japanese Quince

Chaenomeles are much beloved for bonsai because of their tiny, lovely flowers, and in spite of their prickly thorns. Most varieties flower before leafing out, sometimes as early as January, and may continue to flower for a long time following. The fruit is yellow and large, too hard to be edible, but making tolerable preserves.


10 Chaenomeles speciosa

Flowering Quince

Chaenomeles are much beloved for bonsai because of their tiny, lovely flowers, and in spite of their prickly thorns. Most varieties flower before leafing out, sometimes as early as January, and may continue to flower for a long time following. The fruit is yellow and large, too hard to be edible, but making tolerable preserves.


11 Chamaecyparis lawsoniana

Lawson Cypress, Port Orford cedar

Largely conical in shape the Lawson Cypress lend them self naturally to creating elegant Formal Upright Bonsai. Its deep green leaves and reddish brown bark form a striking contrast adding to its elegance and character.


12 Chamaecyparis obtusa Nana

Dwarf Hinoki Cypress

A slow-growing conifer with distinctive tiny fans of golden foliage on a somewhat irregular-shaped bush. Its ideal for a small garden or rockery or patio where it can be grown on in pots for many years. They make ideal small to medium sized bonsai.


13 Chamaecyparis pisifera Boulevard

Boulevard False Cypress, Japanese False Cypress, Sawara False Cypress

Boulevard is a fairly slow-growing conifer, reaching an height of about 3 meters in 19 years. It has soft blue-green foliage and forms a broad, silvery-blue pyramid. Ideal for upright style bonsai.


14 Corylus avellana

Hazel, European Filbert

The Coryulus avellana is native to Europe and Western Asia, from the British Isles south to Iberia, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus. More a shrub than a tree its cultivated for its Nuts (Hazel Nuts or Cob nuts) and is common in hedges and is often coppiced and its 'pole' used in agricultral fences and gates.


15 Cotoneaster horizontalis

Rock Cotoneaster, Rockspray Cotoneaster

Horizontal Rockspray (Cotoneaster horizontalis) is a low-growing shrub with herring-bone structure. In Autumn the leaves begin turning bright-bright red, about the same time the green berries are ripening to an equally bright red.


16 Cotoneaster simonsii

Himalayan Cotoneaster, Simons Cotoneaster

Though not native to Britain it has been grown in gardens and parks. Now days it is quite frequently found growing wild, possible through bird droppings and wind/water dispersal. Found in scrubby grounds, forestry ridges and often well up the hillside. As a Bonsai it makes excellent specimens is easy to cultivate and offers year around features, soft foliage in spring followed by flushes of white flowers and fruits in autumns, foliages turns a lovely red brown in autumn/winter and berries stay on long into the winter.


17 Crassula ovata

Jade Tree, Money Tree, Elephant Tree

Jade Tree is considered to be an auspicious tree in many parts of the orient, bringing the grower health and prosperity. Crassula ovata are ideal plants for beginners as they are very hardy to drought and seem to tolerate over watering. The species can be grown as medium to large Bonsai and in just about any style of Bonsai and is full of year round character with its fleshy almost round leafs, and multicoloured stems which are green when young, red-brown as it matures to a craggy slate grey. Crassula, also use an alternate method of fixing Carbon, which makes them a useful tree to help combat global warming. In their Native Mozambique, and Tropical South Africa, they can grow to 3 meters tall and have branches up 20cm thick.


18 Crassula sarcocaulis

Bonsai Crassula

Found in mountainous regions of Southern Africa, from Zambia to Mozambique to Swaziland, they are ideal plants for beginners as they are very hardy to drought and seem to tolerate over watering. The species can be grown a small to medium Bonsai and in just about any style of Bonsai. Full of character all year round its fleshy spikey leafs, delicate red-brown stems and lovely white to pink flowers offer some thing of interest through out the year.


19 Crataegus cuneata

Japanese Hawthorn, Ye Shan Zha, Shan Zha

This almost lobe-less version of Hawtorn, is native to China and is poularly cutivated in Japan for its flowers and fruits, which are also slighty larger than the european or English AHwtorn, more like 2cm while the european Haws are generally around 1cm. It makes a striking and durable bonsai.


20 Crataegus laevigata

Midland Hawthorn, Woodland Hawthorn

The Midland Hawthorn is a native of Europe, and in the UK is commonly found in the Midlands, where it is a small tree that grows to about 20 feet. It has little fall colour, and the fruits are not showy. Its outstanding feature is its flowers, which can be white, pink or red, with varieties that single or double flowers. It is fast becoming a popular Bonsai Species.


21 Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn, May Whitethorn, Single Seed Hawthorn

A deciduous small tree to twenty feet, with clusters of white flowers in mid-spring, small red berries in autumn, lasting to late winter. The small leaves are divided into three to seven lobes. The branches have stout spines, and the trunk has pale gray, flacky to gnarled bark. Is a popular Bonsai species and easily available.


22 Cupressus macrocarpa

Monterey Cypress

The unique wind-swept flat top appearance are what most people recognise about the Monterey Cypress. Native to the US they can grow to 65 feet tall, and even 80 feet tall in sheltered locations. Know as perennial trees many of them in the US are as old as 2000 years. They make stately medium to large Formal Bonsai. The photo shows a famous Monterey, of the Golden State Bonsai Federation Collection North collection to which it was donated by Katsumi Kinoshita.


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