An evergreen tree growing to about 30 feet, native of the mediteranian and Western Europe, it is now wildly grown around the world for it rich fruit and oils, which are extracted through a non chemical process of cold pressing. The fruit and oils are widly used in salads and Mediterranean cooking. The olive has deep green leaves with greyish undersides, and produces yellowish-white flowers followed by green or black fruit in late summer or early fall. It is much loved by bonsai enthusiasts as much for its rich historical and mythical lore as it is for its elegant shiny green leaves and trunk which takes on an aged, stony appearance when old. It can live to 800 or 1000 years.