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1 Picea abies

Norway Spruce

This very hardy plant makes an excellent Bonsai with its conical shape and upright nature lending itself well to Formal Upright medium and large Bonsai. It is extremely hardy and tolerant to Zones 2/3.


2 Picea glauca

White Spruce, Western White Spruce, Canadian Spruce

The White Spruce is native to the north of North America. It is of major economic importance in Canada for its wood which is used primarily for paper-making and also as frequenty for Christmas trees.


3 Picea glauca Albertina

Dwarf Spruce, Albertina Spruce

A Popular Tree in American Gardens the Dwarf Alberta spruce trees may eventually reach 12' in height, but only over a long period of time as it just grows between 2"-4" per year. They have a classic "Christmas tree" shape. The green needles have a tight, densely-packed growth habit that gives dwarf Alberta spruce trees a "fuzzy" look. They make lovely Bonsai.


4 Picea pungens

Blue Spruce, Colorado Blue Spruce

Native to the S. W. North America this species occurs in many forms in the wild and in cultivation. It was introduced to Britain in about 1862. Recently it has become popular as a christmas tree. Blue spruce prefers slightly acid moist ground otherwise it can become prone to predation by aphids which spoil the colour and density of the mature needles and eventually cause defoliation.


5 Pinus densiflora

Japanese Red Pine

Closely related the Scots pine with its reddish brown bark it has become a popular ornamental and has several cultivars. The height of this tree is between 20 and 35 meters. The Japanese red pine prefers full sun on well-drained, slightly acidic soil. Widly cultivated in Japan, as an ornamental and timber tree it also has strong ties in formal Japanese Gardens. It is not surpring that is also very popular as a Bonsai too.


6 Pinus halepensis

Aleppo Pine

The Aleppo Pine is native to the Mediterranean region, growing from sea level to about 200 meter. It is closely related to the Canary Island Pines and Turkish Pine. Its resin is used for chewing and in curing Greek wine.


7 Pinus mugo

Mugo Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine

The Mugo pine is a cone-shaped conifer, with long mid-green needles that cover its branches. It is a hardy tree and takes well to pruning and hence make and ideal Bonsai as it is slow growing too. It has attractive attractive brown cones.


8 Pinus parviflora

Japanese White Pine

An evergreen tree growing to 65 feet at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone 4. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October.


9 Pinus sylvestris

Scotts Pine

Everygreen conical to flat topped Pine, Native to the Europe, from Norway to Spain, and to parts of Asia, cold hardy to zone 2, growing to 20 meters. Ideal for Bonsai of medium to arge size, and extremely popular in Forest and Literati Styles as lower branches can die back quite readily.


10 Pistacia chinensis

Chinese pistachio

A medium to large tree with elegant and attractive, glossy green, pinnate leaves that turn a beautiful orange red or crimson in autumn.


11 Pistacia lentiscus

Mastic Tree, Evergreen Pistache

The mastic tree, also known as the lentisc, is an dense irregular evergreen shrub or tree, usually low (4.5 - 7.5 meters) and spreading (4.5 - 7.5 meters) but which can sometimes grow as high as 8 meters. The tree's resin, is used form many purposes including, the production of varnishes, adhesives, chewing gum, in the photography and lithography and for medicinal purpose. The berries are sometimes used for making sweets or liqueurs.


12 Plumeria obtusa

Frangipani, Plumeria, The Temple Tree, Champa, Melia

A small tree can grow up to 6 meters, has thick stocky sausage like and smooth grey green bark on its trunk gnarled looking trunk. While its is a native of Tropical South America from Mexico to as far south as Brazil, is has naturalised in most of the drier parts of tropical Asia. It is commonly associated with mythology and folklore in Hindu and Buddhism and Samoan cultures. It flowers are used in Indian incense and to make the garlands in Hawaii. In India it has a special place amongst temples and historical building. As Bonsai it is only just picking up popularity, and is gaining popularity as a conservatory plant in temperate regions.


13 Podocarpus macrophyllus

Buddhist Pine, Chinese Yew, Kasamiki, Japanese Yew

The Podocoarpus is from the Conifer group and has long oval leafs 5-15 cm long. It grows to 25 meters occasionally to 40 meters, produces Yew like Purple Fruit, and is distributed through Japan, China and Himalayan Asia. It is much revered tree in Japanese and Chinese temples and is a favourite Bonsai too. It is grown in the colder regions as an Indoor Bonsai.


14 Portulacaria afra

Jade Tree, Money Tree, Portulacaria, Small-leaf Jade Tree, Dwarf Jade

Portulacaria afra, Jade Tree or Money Tree is relatively new to bonsai in the West. In the Orient where it is considered to be an auspicious tree, it has been growing for eons. Portulacaria are ideal plants for beginners as they are very hardy to drought and seem to tolerate over watering. The species can be grown in just about any style of Bonsai and is full of year round character with its fleshy almost round leafs, and multicoloured stems which are green when young, red-brown as it matures to a graggy slate grey. Recently, there has been much research into this plant being a significant Carbon fixer, and with a capibility of holding 4-5 times as much carbon.


15 Potentilla fruticosa

Shrubby Cinquefoil, Potentilla, Tundra Rose

Potentilla fruticosa is a popular ornamental plant and found in most of the Temperate Northern Hemisphere from Europe to China. It comes in a variety of colours and grows as shrub to about 1 meter tall.It fine branch structure and masses of flowers, scraggly bark make it an ideal bonsai species with interesting year around enjoyment.


16 Prunus avium

Wild Cherry

Small deciduous tree native tree with rounded habit and beautiful red fruit. Long lived tree it is highly prised for its timbers and is often used as an ornamental hedgerow. It is a long lived tree and lives up 200 years. It is distributed throughout the British Isles except Northern Scotland and spreads throughout Europe all the way to the Ural mountains; spreading down to North Eastern Africa and West Asia.


17 Prunus incisa Kojo-no-mai

Japanese Flowering Cherry, Dance of the Butterflies, Kojo-no-mai

Kojo-no-mai is a small shrub/trees it has crocked baranches and delicate white flowers with pink centers that hang downwards like laterns/butterflies hanging from the bottom of branchies. The fruits are black in color


18 Prunus serrulata Kwanzan

Japanese Flowering Cherry, Kwanzan Cherry, Oriental Cherry, Kwansan Cherry

A small to medium sized tree commonly seen as street trees with double whorls of pink flowers and black fruits. The tree is intolerant of poor drainage.


19 Pseudolarix amabilis

Golden Larch

The Golden Larch has a strong Pyramidal Shape, which with it wide spreading branches and golden yellow spring and blue green summer leaves make it an attractive tree in any surrounding. It can grow to between 30-40 meters. It is especially pleasing as a Bonsai with it vibrant spring and autumn leaf colours and beautifully textured bark.


20 Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas Fir tree

The Douglas Fir is a Native of North America, growing along the length of the Rocky Mountain. In the UK it is grown as a timber tree in regions that are non-calcarious and moist. The trees can grow up to 60 meters tall with 120 cm trunks with the timber being brown red in colour. It was discovered by Archibald Menzies in 1792 but was only introduced to the UK in 1827 by David Douglas.


21 Psidium guajava

Guava

While it is Native to the Caribbean and the South Americas it is widely cultivated around the globe. Its fruit are a favourite and usually yellow in colour when ripe, while the flesh may be white to pink. It make a lovely small to medium Bonsai with the light brown-tan peeling bark, flowers and fruit offering year round features.


22 Punica granatum

Pomegranate

The pomegranate is a shrub about 20 feet tall with multiple stems. The slender branches start out upright then droop gracefully. Unpruned shrubs have a decidedly weeping or fountain shaped habit. The pomegranate is native to Asia, from the Middle East to the Himalayas, where it grows in sandy or rocky scrublands. It is cultivated for its fruit and showy flowers in much of the Mediterranean region and tropical America. The pomegranate is now naturalised in parts of southern Europe and the American South and Southwest.


23 Punica granatum Nana

Dwarf Pomegranate

The dwarf pomegranate is a shrub about 1meter tall with multiple stems. The slender branches start out upright then droop gracefully. Unpruned shrubs have a decidedly weeping or fountain shaped habit. The pomegranate is native to Asia, from the Middle East to the Himalayas, where it grows in sandy or rocky scrublands. It is cultivated for its fruit which is much cherished through Asia and the Mediteranian


24 Pyracantha coccinea

Scarlet Firethorn

Firethorn is a large, evergreen shrub that is cherished for its spectacular fall and winter display of scarlet fruits and ability to withstand dry and droughty conditions. Firethorn typically grows into a tangled mound up to 3 m by 3.5 m wide.


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